Darkhotel spying crew boosts attacks with Hacking Team exploit
Kaspersky Lab has discovered that the Darkhotel group, an elite spying crew uncovered by its experts in 2014 and famous for infiltrating Wi-Fi networks in luxury hotels to compromise selected corporate executives, has been using a zero-day vulnerability from Hacking Team’s collection straight after the leak of Hacking Team files on July, 5th. Not known to have been a client of Hacking Team, the Darkhotel group grabbed the files once they became publicly available.
Kaspersky Lab estimates that over the past few years it may have gone through half a dozen or more zero-days targeting Adobe Flash Player, apparently investing significant money in supplementing its arsenal. In 2015, the Darkhotel group extended its geographical reach around the world while continuing to spearphish targets in North and South Korea, Russia, Japan, Bangladesh, Thailand, India, Mozambique and Germany.
Kaspersky Lab’s security researchers have registered new techniques and activities from Darkhotel, a known APT actor that has been active for almost eight years. In attacks dated 2014 and earlier, the group misused stolen code-signing certificates and employed unusual methods like compromising hotel Wi-Fi to place spying tools on targets’ systems.
In 2015, many of these techniques and activities have been maintained, but Kaspersky Lab has also uncovered new variants of malicious executable files, new stolen certificates, relentless spoofing social-engineering techniques and the deployment of Hacking Team’s zero-day vulnerability:
New stolen certificates. The Darkhotel group appears to maintain a stockpile of stolen certificates and deploys their downloaders and the backdoors signed with them to cheat the targeted system. Some of the more recent revoked certificates include Xuchang Hongguang Technology Co. Ltd. – the company whose certificates were used in previous attacks performed by the threat actor.
Relentless spearphishing. The Darkhotel APT is indeed persistent: it tries to spearphish a target, and if it doesn’t succeed returns several months later for another try with much the same social-engineering schemes.
Deployment of Hacking Team’s zero-day exploit. The compromised website, tisone360.com, contains a set of backdoors and exploits. The most interesting of these is the Hacking Team Flash zero-day vulnerability.
“Darkhotel has returned with yet another Adobe Flash Player exploit hosted on a compromised website, and this time it appears to have been driven by the Hacking Team leak. The group has previously delivered a different Flash exploit on the same website, which we reported as a zero-day to Adobe in January 2014. Darkhotel seems to have burned through a pile of Flash zero-day and half-day exploits over the past few years, and it may have stockpiled more to perform precise attacks on high-level individuals globally. From previous attacks we know that Darkhotel spies on CEOs, senior vice presidents, sales and marketing directors and top R&D staff,” said Kurt Baumgartner, Principal Security Researcher at Kaspersky Lab.
Since last year, the group has worked hard to enhance its defensive techniques, expanding its anti-detection technology list. The 2015 version of the Darkhotel downloader is designed to identify anti-virus technologies from 27 vendors.