Findings of the E-threats landscape report

Eighty percent of malware distributed worldwide consisted of Trojans according to the “E-Threats Landscape Report,” the first in a series of comprehensive security threat studies published by BitDefender Lab, an award-winning provider of antivirus software and data security solutions. This “E-Threats Landscape Report” provides a comprehensive overview of the security threats landscape over the last six months, from January to June 2008.

BitDefender’s security experts analyzed and examined the menaces of the first half of 2008, focusing on software vulnerabilities and exploits, different types of malware, as well as countermeasures, cyber crime prevention and law enforcement. BitDefender’s “E-Threats Landscape Report” concentrates mainly on the first half of 2008, but it also contains facts, data and trends concerning the previously investigated periods, as well as several predictions related to the last half of 2008.

Other highlights of BitDefender’s “E-Threats Landscape Report” include:

  • 1/3 of global malware exploited OS’s and applications’ vulnerabilities
  • Text-based spam comprised 70 percent of total unsolicited e-mails
  • Image spam continued to decline in the first half of 2008
  • Drugs represented the most advocated content via e-mail spam
  • 50 percent of phishing attempts forged identification elements pertaining to US financial organizations
  • Phishers targeted victims from EU states


BitDefender’s “E-Threats Landscape Report” reveals that malware creators concentrated on exploiting system vulnerabilities via threats mimicking legitimate applications in the first half of 2008.

The World’s Top 10 Malware list for the first half of 2008 includes:

01 Trojan.Clicker.CM
02 Trojan.Downloader.WMA.Wimad.N
03 Trojan.Autorun.EU
04 Trojan.FakeAlert.PP
05 Trojan.Peed.Gen
06 Trojan.Qhost.AKR
07 Trojan.HTML.Zlob.W
08 Packer.Malware.NSAnti.K
09 Trojan.Downloader.SWF.Gida.A
10 Exploit.Win32.Mso5-002.Gen

The World’s Top 10 Malware Distribution Methods for the first half of 2008 includes:

01 Exploits
02 Downloaders
03 Malicious Advertising
04 Bundle Applications
05 Social Engineering Web Sites
06 Information Sites
07 Autorun Infectors
08 File Infectors
09 E-mail Spam
10 Peer-2-Peer

E-Mail Spam

In terms of spam media and techniques, the most notable trend that BitDefender’s security analysts tracked in the first half of 2008 was the revival of text-based spam, which reached 70 percent, compared to 20 percent during the same period in 2007. Image spam continued its decline in the first half of 2008, ending at 3 percent in June 2008, compared to 60 percent in June 2007.

The World’s Top 10 list of E-Mail Spam’s Featured Content for first half of 2008 includes:

01 Drugs
02 Replica Watches
03 Phishing (tool for)
04 Pirated Software
05 Pornography
06 Loans
07 Hire & Equipment
08 Trojans’ Spread (tool for)
09 Dating
10 Diploma

Phishing & ID Abuse

Phishing trends for the first half of 2008 indicated a variation and growth of spoofed banks and targeted clients. Primarily, forged elements belonged to US financial organizations, while the possible victims are now native English speakers who reside in the United States, United Kingdom or Canada. Phishing e-mails continued to be negative, such as account blocking or expiration and account details update for security reasons.

The World’s Top 10 list of Counterfeit Business Identities in the first half of 2008 includes:

01 eBay
02 Paypal
03 Bank of America
04 Wachovia
05 Fifth Third Bank
06 NatWest
07 Poste Italiane
08 Sparkasse
09 Regions Bank
10 Volksbank

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