Weekly Report on Viruses and Intruders – Microsoft Vulnerabilities, Mytob, Gaobot and Kelvir worms

The five vulnerabilities have been rated “critical’ and affect not only Windows operating systems, but also other applications like Internet Explorer, Exchange Server, MSN Messenger, Word, Works and Office. If the patches that fix these flaws are not applied, an attacker could gain remote control of affected systems.

As far as malicious code is concerned, we can highlight the gradual increase in the number of Mytob worms emerging. The Mytob worms connect to an IRC server and wait for remote control commands to carry out on the affected computer, such as deleting, downloading or running files. Some variants prevent the user from accessing the websites belonging to certain antivirus and IT security companies. What’s more, they spread via email, through the Internet -by exploiting the LSASS vulnerability- and across networks protected with weak passwords. However, the proactive TruPreventTM detection technologies blocked all these variants of the Mytob worm without needing to be able to identify them first. Therefore, users that have these technologies installed on their systems have been protected from the very start.

The appearance of Gaobot.EYP can also be highlighted. This is a worm that also opens a backdoor, allowing a remote attacker to gain control of affected computers. The attacker would be able to carry out multiple actions including running commands, downloading and executing files, capturing keystrokes, obtaining the characteristics of the computer, launching distributed denial of service attacks (DDoS), etc.

Gaobot.EYP ends the processes belonging to different security tools, such as antivirus programs and firewalls, leaving the computer vulnerable to attack from other malware. What’s more, it ends the processes belong to other worms.

Gaobot.EYP uses a number of methods to spread:

– It copies itself to the shared network resources it manages to access.
– It exploits the following vulnerabilities to spread via the Internet: LSASS, RPC DCOM, WINS buffer overflow in the workstation service.
– It can get into computers with SQL Server, whose SA (System Administrator) account has a blank password.

Finally, we will look at Kelvir.L.worm. This worm spreads via MSN Messenger by sending a message to all the contacts with the text “its you!”, which points to a URL belonging to the hydr0.net domain.

If the user clicks on this link, a compressed, autoexecutable file, detected as Trj/MultiDropper.ZL, is downloaded and run. This file contains files called “uncanny.exe” and “advbot.exe”, which are copies of Kelvir.L.worm and Gaobot.EYX.worm, respectively.

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