COVID-19 quickly ushered in the era of remote work, introducing new risks that IT professionals are struggling to manage with existing security tools, according to a Thales study.
Six in 10 respondents said traditional security tools such as VPNs are still the primary vehicle for employees accessing applications remotely — likely the reason why 44% were not confident that their access security systems could scale effectively to secure remote work.
These are among the key insights from a global survey of 2,600 IT decision makers, conducted by 451 Research, to better understand the new security risks and challenges caused by the rise of remote working and cloud transformation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Last year saw a surge in cybercrime exploiting the various aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the shift to remote work, with ransomware attacks soaring by 150%. The survey found the pandemic’s effects have had a significant impact on security infrastructure, particularly on access management and authentication frameworks, pushing organizations to adopt modern security strategies like zero trust to support the demands of a more mobile and remote workforce.
Era of remote working: Concerns catalyse change
According to the index, respondents have many different systems deployed for remote access. When asked about the technologies that were in place, VPN was the most common, with 60% of IT professionals identifying the capability.
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure, cloud-based access and zero trust network access/software defined perimeter (ZTNA/SDP) closely followed. However, when asked what new access technologies respondents were planning to deploy due to the pandemic, 44% indicated ZTNA/SDP was the top technology choice.
The survey also explored respondents’ plans to move beyond traditional VPN environments, and found that nearly 40% expect to replace their VPN with ZTNA/SDP, while 38% expect to move to a Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) solution. This confirms the need for more modern, sophisticated authentication capabilities is driving change in many organizations and is perceived as a key enabler of zero trust security.
“Seemingly overnight, remote access went from being an exception to the default working model for a large swath of employees. As a result, businesses are navigating a volatile and complex world, and adopting a zero trust model of cybersecurity will enable them to continue to conduct operations safely amidst the uncertainty,” said Francois Lasnier, VP of Access Management solutions at Thales.
“One of the core barrier businesses face when starting their zero trust journey is the balance between locking down access without interrupting workflow. People require access to sensitive data in order to work and collaborate and businesses leaders will need to ensure that a drop in productivity doesn’t become an unwanted side effect. The research shows that IT professionals increasingly see access management and modern authentication capabilities as key component in achieving a zero trust model.”
Room to grow with modern security strategies like zero trust
The report found that zero trust models are the solution of choice for respondents seeking to improve access environments, yet many are still in the early stage of adoption.
According to the research, 30% of the respondents claim to have a formal strategy and have actively embraced a zero trust policy. Additionally, 45% are either planning, researching or considering a zero trust strategy. Surprisingly, less than a third (32%) of the respondents indicated that zero trust shapes their cloud security strategy to a great extent.
Access security needs to adapt to deal with dynamic workplaces
A silver lining of the pandemic-driven rush to remote working is the acceleration of improved approaches to access security. 55% of respondents currently have adopted two-factor authentication within their organizations. Regionally, there was notable variation, with the UK leading (64%), followed by the U.S. (62%), APAC (52%) and LATAM (40%). These varying degrees of adoption may be due to the level at which better access management is prioritised in security investments.
Yet, despite the well-known limitations of passwords, investment in MFA still trails other security tools like firewalls, endpoint security, SIEM and email security. Remote access users are still the main use case for MFA adoption (71%). One-third of respondents that have adopted MFA use more than three different authentication tools, signaling the need for a more unified approach to access management in the future.
“Security tools and approaches need to adapt to better support the era of remote working,” said Eric Hanselman, chief analyst at 451 Research.
“The shift towards a zero trust model, along with increasing use of modern authentication technologies, like adaptive and multifactor authentication (MFA), will improve organizations’ security posture. This will be an exciting space to watch as businesses continue to deal with dynamic workplace environments.”